Health and well-being
In order to avoid building on valuable agricultural fields and natural land, there is an ambition to increase the density in our cities. A more densely populated city can also provide a better basis for public transport and active travel (walking and cycling) thanks to shorter distances.
However, increasing population density in cities is associated with great challenges!
A more densely populated city entails competition for space and increased density often occurs at the expense of green areas. Vegetation contributes to increased physical activity, social interaction and stress reduction. A more densely populated city without green areas can also suffer excessively high temperatures in heatwaves.
As density increases, housing may be located closer to industry, roads and railways – areas with more noise and pollution. A denser city also entails a likely increase in noise and air pollution levels if more people travel by car.
All this can lead to negative health outcomes. To provide a basis for planning a more health-promoting densely populated city, we study these connections and develop proposals for measures.